from the Greeks: Zeugma
Zeugma includes several similar rhetorical
devices, all involving a grammatically correct linkage (or yoking
together) of two or more parts of speech by another part of
The main benefit of the linking is that it
shows relationships between ideas and actions more clearly.
Specific Types of Zeugma
Prozeugma: the yoking
word precedes the words yoked. For example, you could have a verb
stated in the first clause understood in the following clauses.
Diazeugma: When a single
subject is used with multiple verbs.
When a single subject is used with two or
more direct objects:
can also create a linkage in which the
verb is understood in a slightly different way in at least two
A Writing Sample Using All the Above Forms
Can you identify each type below?
Rain swept the mountain; the wind, his cheeks.
The mountain was shrouded in grey. John struggled with the tarp,
held onto his hat, and just missed slipping into the gully. With a
mighty blast, the wind knocked him from his feet and a branch from
a tree high above.
Too late he saw the branch come crashing down,
the tree rearing back and then the limb slash into his arm. The
wind rose up, the trees bowed, the rain blew in sideways,
unrelenting. He cradled his arm and his flashlight, hoping for any
lull, any chance to erect some shelter from this cruel wind.
Bob had warned him about bears, Bill the
unpredictable weather, Judy the dangers of hiking alone. Now, John
faced the night, without shelter, the wind tearing at his only
hope, a tattered tarp.
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