ADULT LEARNING CENTRE
Advanced Composition: Essays
Four Ways to End
October 22 and 23, 2003
The conclusion is your last chance to make an impression on the reader
of your essay. Often, students hurry their conclusions, especially on
a test essay.
Learn the techniques below to make writing the conclusion an easier
and more satisfying task. Remember to restate your thesis in a new,
reworded sentence to begin your conclusion.
Restated Thesis: “Therefore, the automobile is harmful in three
ways, all serious to human society.”
Summary (most common,
but a bit boring), Technique One
[Thesis restated] Automobiles harm us
through their harmful emissions, the temptation to drive rather than
walk, and the horrific accidents they cause. If we stopped to think
about the consequences more often, perhaps we would be more inclined to
walk a bit more and enjoy smelling the roses!
[Thesis restated] We often forget the capacity for
harm that comes from the use (and overuse) of the private automobile. If
we are inclined to forget, the following statistic ,based on accident
levels in the USA, should prove sobering: “Approximately 2 million
disabling, non-fatal injuries occur in automobile accidents every year.”
[Thesis restated] Often, I walk around the large
Vancouver urban park named for Queen Elizabeth while enjoying the music
on my headphones. But, very often, my joy is tempered by annoyance with
the harsh metallic smells of automobile exhausts and the dull roar that
even penetrates my well-sealed headphones. The automobile is truly a
Warning or Remedy (or
both, together), Technique Four
[Thesis restated] The overuse of the personal
automobile in our cities is indeed a serious issue. Already we face high
levels of pollutants that penetrate our homes and dirty the lungs of our
children, along with an epidemic of obesity among our populations due to
lack of exercise. If we all let our cars take one “day off” a week,
imagine how much cleaner (and quieter) our cities would be!
Use your own, restated thesis.
Write three conclusions that begin with your thesis
Write conclusions of about 50 - 60 words, including
the restated thesis sentence. Please label your conclusion type (e.g.
Please also visit your Advanced
Composition Class Page where you can access current and past
For more writing worksheets, visit our
Advanced Composition Assignment