Today, we learned a number of poetry terms and looked at examples
together. Each class discussed the following: general feelings; Poet and
Speaker; Rhyme; Assonance; Consonance; Alliteration; Metaphor; Narrative
and Lyric; and Structure. Quiz on
Morning Class Notes [Afternoon Class Notes]
The poem is warm. Or, perhaps my feeling is warm. Actually, it seems
real, like something that happens to me sometimes. Some of the
comparisons he makes, I’m not quite sure about it. It is heart warming
to see the relationship between the father and the son. It is a kind of
reminder to pay more attention to my son. The poet may wish to have us
pay more attention to our children’s needs, and the need for physical
touch and attention.
The Poet and Speaker
The person who writes the poem is the poet. The voice in the poem is
called the speaker. In a story the voice is called the narrator; the
person who writes is called the author. DANGER: It is never safe to
think that the poet equals the speaker or the author equals the
Here are two words that rhyme: hey and way; name and game; standing
and writing. Rhyme is when two vowel sounds are the same on one or more
syllables with the same consonant sound on the ending. So, financially
rhymes with romantically. Rhymes on one sound are masculine; on two or
more sounds are feminine.
Does “hate” rhyme with “way"? This is called “half rhyme”,
“slant rhyme”, and for us we can use the term “assonance.”
What is the relationship between “hate” and “get"? These
words have the same consonant sound at the end.
If the words share the same consonant sound at the beginning, it is
called alliteration. Shoot and shoe demonstrate alliteration and
When two words rhyme or share a sound device on the same line it is
If it rhymes on the end it is called “end rhyme.”
“He is a pig.” This is a metaphor that compares a man with a pig.
If you know pigs, you know him. If you say, “he is like a pig,” or
“he is as messy as a pig” then we call it simile. Simile is a
special kind of metaphor. Parent to son: “Your room is a pigsty”!
A + B = Metaphor
Bearhug + “dark squeeze of death”. He is troubled by the
connotation of the word “bearhug”. It brings to mind thoughts of “death”
associated with a dangerous animal.
The action of the boy (locking to his father) is compared to a “magnet
of blood”. The blood is also compared to the thing called “magnet”
Narrative and Lyric
A “narrative” poem tells a story. A “lyric” poem contains
deep emotional feelings. This poem both tells a little story about a
father and his son at bedtime; it also contains deep feelings about what
it means to be a father, and how touching is important in a relationship
with a child.
There are fourteen lines and three stanzas (groups of lines in a poem
similar to a paragraph). Could this be a sonnet? Yes, it follows some of
the rules: it has 14 lines, two sestets and a couplet (like
Shakespeare). Call it a modern sonnet. Shakespearean sonnet or
Quiz on these terms
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Afternoon Class Notes
The poem creates a warm feeling in us. It shows a physical
relationship between a father and his son based on touch. The poem has a
sense of family in it. It creates an emotional feeling in me that is a
There is a sense of a modern relationship between father and son.
Often, even today, fathers are remote from their sons.
Two words that rhyme are “same” and “game” or “mat” and
“hat” or “blood” and “flood” or “weigh” and “say."
The rule: when the vowel sound in the word and the consonant sound at
the end of the word are the same, then it is called rhyme. Rhyme at the
end of a line of poetry is called “end rhyme.” Rhyme on one syllable
is masculine rhyme. The words “going” and “showing” rhyme on two
syllables; this is called feminine rhyme. If the rhyme is inside one
line of poetry it is called internal rhyme.
These two words show assonance: “hate” and “rake.” Assonance
is when two words have the same vowel sound but different consonant
sounds at the beginning and end of the word.
These two words show consonance: “task” and “whisk."
Consonance is when two words have the same ending consonant sound, but
different beginning consonant sounds and different middle vowel sounds.
These two words show alliteration: “stay” and “style”. Note
that “stay” and “sound” are not alliteration. Alliteration is
when two words have the same beginning consonant sound, but different
middle vowel and ending consonant sound.
He is a pig, but “he” is a man. He may eat too much, or he may be
messy or dirty or lazy. The metaphor compares two things and asks you to
understand one because you understand the other.
He is like a pig. He is as messy as a pig. (these are similes; you
can tell if we use “like” or “as” to make the comparison)
Your room is a pigsty! (said to the children who have a messy room)
The word “bearhug” is a metaphor itself. A bear’s strong grip
is compared to a big human hug. In the poem, the bearhug is compared to
a “dark squeeze of death.”
“magnet of blood” can be said as “blood is a magnet” and if
you think of your family or relatives you will probably understand this
The “thin tough body” “locks” like a magnet as well. The
metaphor is multiple.
Narrative and Lyric
Narrative means there is a story in the poem. Lyric means the poem
contains strong feelings and emotions.
The poem has fourteen lines and three stanzas.
Quiz on these terms
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