Listening is one of the most important
skills you can develop to do better in your studies. More than
just simply hearing, listening requires paying close attention
and interpreting what you hear. While
effectivee reading is
considered the most difficult study skill to master, good
listening is the second most challenging skill to develop.
Because active and effective listening form the foundation of
communication, it is therefore essential to make good
listening a habit.
A major step in becoming a better listener
is having an awareness of some key factors which affect both
listening, and communication. Such factors can be grouped into
two categories—the factors external and the factors internal
to the listener.
The external factors include the nature of
the topic or subject of communication, the quality and
effectiveness of the speaker, the forms of presentation and
communication, and the environment in which the communication
The internal factors, on the other hand, are
about the listener, the one at the centre of communication.
Internal factors include the focus, the attitude, the
emotional state, the motivation, and the opinion or bias of
In line with the goal of effective listening
in the classroom, important tasks prior to attending the
upcoming class include to review the main points
covered in the previous class, to review the assignment
from the previous class, and to develop an interest in
what will likely be covered in the upcoming class.
Remember that good listening requires paying
close attention to what you hear. Therefore, while in class,
follow some basic rules to foster effective listening to gain
the most from what you hear.
Try to sit where you will hear well.
Focus on what is being taught, and relate
the main points to what you already know.
Be sure to interpret what you hear.
Furthermore, as the class continues, develop
connections among the various ideas being presented and
identify which concepts are the major ones to focus on.
Take notes on the main points being
As you recapitulate every few minutes what
the instructor has just communicated, anticipate what the
instructor will say next.
Speculate on what is likely to be on the
Listen carefully to what is assigned, and
write it down right away.
Effective listening, particularly in the
classroom, clearly requires thought and awareness. The
listener needs to actively participate in monitoring and
improving his or her listening. Your studying performance will
definitely improve as you focus on “listening with a purpose.”
For reference and for further detail, check
Improving Your Ability to Listen
How to Listen Better
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