CRIME (definition): an action or conduct
that is against the law – forbidden
There are two levels of crime:
Indictable is more serious
e.g. -Theft over $5 000 - Murder, treason,
- impaired driving causing death or bodily harm -breaking
Summary is less
e.g. -Smoking on an aircraft where
prohibited (not allowed) -causing a disturbance in a public
place -taking someone’s car without permission
COURT (definition): Federal or Provincial
place where lawyers discuss a person’s crime and a judge
decides if the offender should be convicted and punished and
what that punishment should be.
SENTENCE (definition): the punishment given
to a person who has been convicted (found guilty) of a crime.
It may be time spent in jail, and/or community hours (eg.
Helping bag groceries at the food bank), and/or probation
(must report to a probation officer as required)
OFFENDER (definition): the person who is
said to have done a crime “Do the Time” is slang for “spend
time in prison”
CONDITIONAL SENTENCE (definition): a new
type of punishment (since 1996) for a crime the judge would
give a two-year prison term for but instead sends the offender
home to “do the time” at home in the community – ( certain
A convicted criminal serving a Conditional
Sentence can: continue to go to work, play sports, be with
family, go to movies, go to school, etc.
Restrictions (conditions) may include some
of the following:
-be at home during certain hours – e.g.
between 11 PM and 6 AM
-be of good behaviour (conduct) and keep the peace
-abstain (do not use) alcohol, drugs, own weapons
-support or care for dependents (e.g. Children)
-perform up to 240 hours of community service
-attend a treatment program (at probation officer’s
-obey any reasonable conditions that the court believes will
improve offender’s behavior and prevent further criminal
HISTORY: Conditional Sentencing came into
effect in 1996 in Canada.
The Federal Government designed this legislation to be used to
allow certain offenders who have been sentenced to prison for
less than two years and do not, in the judges opinion pose a
danger to society, to serve their sentences in the community.
This option would:
- save money
- reduce crowding in jails
-increase the use of restorative justice
The main purposes of sentencing (Criminal
Code Section 718) is to:
– prevent crime
- encourage respect for law
- maintain a just, peaceful and safe society
- denounce unlawful conduct
- separate the offender from society
- rehabilitate the offender, promote a sense of
responsibility in the offender, to understand and admit to
the harm done.
Conditional Sentences were NOT intended to
be used for criminal (indictable) offences such as causing
death or bodily harm to another person; armed robbery
However, recently a Conditional Sentence has
been used for people convicted of a criminal offence in a case
of road racing that caused the death of a woman walking along
Marine Drive in Vancouver.
-The two young men involved were convicted
and given conditional sentences
- they will do the time at home, be on probation for 3
years, serve a 5-year driving ban, do 240 hours of community
service with the police to speak to youths about the dangers
of street racing.
-The judge said the men were unlikely to
re-offend (do this crime again) and they were not considered
a danger to public safety.
Do the Crime - Do the Time? Matching 1
Do the Crime - Do the Time? Matching 2
Do the Crime - Do the Time? Multiple Choice
Frequently Asked Questions about the Law
Canadian Department of Justice
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Using the Correct Verb