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  Weekly Feature (October 18, 2004)
 


The United Nations
 by
Helen

 

Who’s working for Peace?

The United Nations – Commonly called THE UN Logo “The Olive Branches of Peace”

October 24th is United Nations Day. Why?

“The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945. The purpose of the UN is to bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development.

There are currently 191 Members of the United Nations. They meet in the General Assembly, which is the closest thing to a world parliament. Each country, large or small, rich or poor, has a single vote.”

The UN Headquarters is in New York City but the land and buildings are international territory. The UN European Headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland.”

The Charter of the UN

- The Written Description of the UN’s work
-To keep peace throughout the world.
-To develop friendly relations between nations.
-To work together to help people live better lives, to eliminate poverty, disease and illiteracy in the world, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms.
-To be a centre for helping nations achieve these aims.

*All member States (Canada has been a member since 1946) have sovereign equality.
*All Member States must obey the Charter
*Countries must try to settle their differences by peaceful means.
*Countries must avoid using force or threatening to use force.
*The UN may not interfere in the domestic affairs of any country.
*Countries should try to assist the United Nations

The United Nations at the Cyberschoolbus

The President of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Julian R. Hunte (Saint Lucia) explained at the 2003 United Nations Day event- “Fifty-eight years ago, a spark of hope rose from the ashes of a devastating Second World War. It ignited the human spirit in the higher cause of peace, equality, order and economic and social progress. The United Nations was created, not to protect the interests of the powerful and influential, but as an organization dedicated to the service of all the people of the world.

To read about the UN's history go to United Nations Day

Departments include:
UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNICEF – United Nations Children's’ Fund
WHO - World Health Organization
UNF - United Nations Foundation
CIDA – Canadian International Development Agency Canadians and the UN

Learn about UN Departments

Canadians and the United Nations

“It was a Canadian – Lester B. Pearson – who devised the formula which saw the establishment of the first UN Peace-keeping operation in 1956. (New Westminster Senior Secondary is named after him.)

It was a Canadian – John Humphrey – who was an original drafter of the International Declaration of Human Rights. ..adopted by the General Assembly in 1948.

A Canadian- Louise Freshette – currently serves as the first Deputy Secretary-General of the UN.

Brock Chisholm was the founding Director-General of the World Health Organization.”

United Nations Vocabulary Matching Quiz 1

United Nations Vocabulary Matching Quiz 2

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