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Cycling in the Lower Mainland
by Patricia

Cycling in the Lower Mainland

cyclist      Summer is the best season for cycling in the Lower Mainland. The weather is warmer and drier, so you won’t get cold and wet.  Many trees and flowers are in bloom, so you can see sensational natural sights.   On the Mount Seymour Demonstration Forest road, you’ll see towering green trees, and if you look closely, possibly a deer or two grazing on the foliage below. In Burnaby, a gentle flat section of the Central Valley Greenway Trail meanders along the Brunette River, so you can stop and dip your feet in the calm, cool water.  Everyone should have fun in the summer, and cycling is one way to do just that.

What is the topic sentence in this paragraph?  The topic sentence is the first sentence: Summer is the best season for cycling in the Lower Mainland.

How many detail sentences are there? There are four detail sentences. 

Are there any compound sentences?  Yes, there are several compound sentences that combine two complete thoughts with a coordinator (and, so) and a comma. There is also a complex sentence using ‘if’.

What is the closing sentence?  The closing sentence is the last sentence: Everyone should have fun in the summer, and cycling is one way to do just that.

Is the word “cycling” used as a noun or a verb? It is used as a special kind of a noun called a gerund.  This is a word that is usually an action verb but can be changed to a noun by adding the suffix “ing” and by functioning as a noun in the sentence.

For further information on paragraphs and gerunds see Patricia’s previous weekly feature

Click for a Matching Quiz based on Verb Tenses

For further information on cycling routes in the Lower Mainland see these sites:

Fraser River Bike Tours
The Transcanada Trail
Find Family Fun

For further information on related verb tenses see the list below.

The word  “bike” can also be a noun. Here it is used as a verb.
The phrase “ride my bike” could also be used but is not shown here.

Simple Present

I cycle/bike to work sometimes.
You cycle/bike to school often.
Louise cycles/bikes to work every day.
Some people cycle/bike on this trail every weekend.
My friend and I usually cycle/bike slowly along this trail.
You always cycle/bike carefully on the road.

Present Continuousbike2

I am cycling/biking near the river now.
You are cycling/ biking slowly.
That woman is cycling / biking quickly.
The Ride to Conquer Cancer participants are cycling/ biking to Seattle.
My family and I are cycling/ biking across the bridge.
You are cycling/biking on the trail.

Present Perfect

I have cycled/biked in North Vancouver several times this month.
You have never cycled/biked.
Rick has cycled/biked at night many times.
They have cycled/biked around Stanley Park two times this year.
My sister and I have cycled/biked across the Lion’s Gate Bridge a few times.
You have cycled/biked with them four times this month.

bike3Present Perfect Continuous

I have been cycling/biking for a few years.
You have never been cycling/biking.
He has been cycling/biking for five years.
L and his family have been cycling/biking on this trail many times.
We have been cycling/biking for a long time.
You have been cycling/biking with them before.

Simple Past

I cycled/biked to work yesterday.
You cycled/biked on the Central Valley Greenway last weekend.
Brad  cycled/biked across Canada many years ago.
They cycled/biked to Queen’s Park this morning.
My daughter and I cycled/biked under the Skytrain yesterday.
You cycled/biked with your friends for two hours last night.

Past Continuous

I was cycling/biking for an hour before you arrived.
You were cycling/biking on the road before the accident happened.
She was cycling/biking in the park when the concert started.
The girls were cycling/biking on the Galloping Goose Trail yesterday.
My family and I were cycling/biking around Barnstone Island last night.
You were cycling/biking in New Westminster when you saw him.

Past Perfect

I had cycled/biked before dinner last night.
You had cycled/biked for three hours before you saw her.
The boys had cycled/biked around Stanley Park before they went swimming.
They had cycled/biked to Burnaby before lunch.
We had cycled/biked along the Brunette River before we had dinner.
You had cycled/biked with them before you went to school.

Past Perfect Continuous

I had been cycling/biking for an hour before it rained.
You had been cycling/ biking with your friend before you saw him.
The man had been cycling/biking carefully before the accident.
They had been cycling/biking slowly with their friends.
We had been cycling/biking around Vancouver before the fireworks started.
You had been cycling/biking near the river before lunch.

bike4Simple Future

I will cycle/bike to work tomorrow.
You will cycle/bike to school on Friday.
Rick will cycle/bike around Central Park on the weekend.
The girls will cycle/bike to the store this afternoon.
My friends and I will cycle/bike in Steveston this summer.
You will cycle/bike for a few hours tomorrow.

Future Continuous

I will be cycling/biking to work tomorrow.
You will be cycling/biking around Stanley Park this weekend.
Louise will be cycling/biking home soon.
The men will be cycling/biking carefully on that road.
We will be cycling/biking near the river on Saturday.
You will be cycling/biking for a few hours tonight.

Future Perfect

I will have cycled/ biked for three hours by 6:00 pm.
You will have cycled/biked for an hour by noon.
Patricia will have cycled/biked to work by then.
His children will have cycled/biked around the park by 4:00pm.
My friend and I will have cycled/biked for a few hours by sunset.
You will have cycled/biked to the store by then.

Future Perfect Continuous

I will have been cycling/biking for an hour by then.
You will have only been cycling/biking for ten minutes by 11:00 am.
My son will have been cycling/biking for two hours by then.
The serious cyclists will have been cycling/biking for two days.
My family and I will have been cycling/biking for an hour by noon.
You will have been cycling/biking for thirty minutes by 10:00 am.

(July 12, 2013)

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