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poetry sound

Poetry: Sound and More
by Brad




Assonance is when the middle vowel sound is the same (or very similar) in two or more words on the same line or nearly the same line AND the consonant sounds at the beginning and end are different.

“Slot” and “frog” and “rock” have assonance on the “aw” sound in the middle of the word.

Consonance is when the ending consonant sound is the same (or very similar) in two or more words on the same line or nearly the same line AND the vowel sounds in the middle are different (and the consonant sound at the beginning is the same or different)

“Flight” and “mat” have consonance on the “t” sound at the end of the word.

Rhyme is when two or more words on the same line or nearly the same line have the same vowel and consonant sound at the end of the word OR have the same vowel sound at the end.

“Way” rhymes with “say” and “mat” rhymes with “cat.”

Feminine rhyme is when two or more words on the same line or nearly the same line have two or more of the same vowel and consonant sounds at the end of the word.

“Boring” rhymes on two syllables with “soaring” and “pouring” OR “orange” can make a rhyme with “door hinge.” Another good pair would be “happening” and “dampening.”

Words that rhyme inside a line are internal rhymes.

“I drank the fine wine”

A group of lines in a poem is called a stanza.

A metaphor is a comparison between two different things in order to show a similarity.

To say “a man IS a tiger” is a metaphor to show the similarity of, perhaps, strength between the man and the tiger.

He is a real bear in the morning. (The man is compared to a bear just waking up in the springtime (grouchy and easily angry).

Alliteration is when two or more words on the same line or nearly the same line share the same consonant sound at the beginning of words.

“Shoot” and “shoe” show alliteration on the “sh” sound at the beginning. “So” and “sing” also show alliteration. REMEMBER that “s” and “sh” are not the same sound.

Masculine rhyme is when two or more words on the same line or nearly the same line have one of the same vowel and consonant sounds at the end of the word.

Simile is a special kind of metaphor, using “like” or “as.”

The man is like a tiger. The man is as strong as a tiger.

In a poem the person who speaks the words you hear is called the speaker. (in a story, the same person is “narrator”) Sometimes, this person is the same as the poet or writer and sometimes not.

A narrative poem tells a story; a lyric poem expresses a feeling. Many poems combine the two.



Try a 15 question multiple choice quiz to test your understanding!

 

 

(March 10, 2013)



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