Vocabulary Notes from Social Studies
Nation: another word for country.
Continents: continuous mass of land, mainland (big piece of
Borders: A border is a line between two countries
(nations) and sometimes there is a fence or wall there. You can also use
the word “boundary” in the same place.
Landforms: Landforms are shapes of land, such as
mountains, valleys, rivers, and lakes.
Plains: The plains are flat or rolling land without
trees. I was born on the plains and it makes me feel happy when I
can see very far. There is lots of grass growing there.
Coasts: A coast is the place where the ocean meets the
For lakes, we call it the “shore”. For rivers, we call it
Ports: Vancouver is a busy port where many ships
(freighters) come to bring “goods” for trade.
Trading: Trading is when we exchange things with each
Goods: Goods are manufactured things that we trade, such
as cars or cameras or chocolate bars. Materials are non-manufactured
things we trade, such as trees, coal, oil.
Transportation: Transportation is cars, trains, buses,
ships, planes, bicycles, feet, skateboards, roller blades, or anything we
use to move ourselves or our things.
Standard of living: The standard of living is pretty high
in Canada. The standard is a combination of all the important things in
life, such as quality of water, quality of food, available transportation,
medical care etc..
Developed nations: The developed nations are ones with
good living standards, industry, farming, transportation etc.. The
developing nations are working to improve the living standard and haven’t
finished everything yet.
Fertilizers: Fertilizer is a substance (as manure [cows,
pigs, chickens] or a chemical mixture) used to make soil more fertile
(grow more easily).